Public Health Policies

Right to Free Medical Care

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has long enforced a complete and universal free medical care system, and its citizens are actually provided with the legal right to free medical care.

The free medical care system was introduced first for industrial and office workers and their dependent families from Juche 36 (1947) by a social insurance law; the universal free medical care system with no limitation on the recipients of medical care was enforced from January 1, 1953 when the country was at war; and the complete and universal free medical care system was introduced from 1960.

DPRK citizens’ right to free medical care is firmly guaranteed by the Socialist Constitution and Public Health Law of the country.

There are preventive and curative medical care institutions with good equipment and medical workers all across the country to look after the working people whether they are in urban or rural areas, fishing villages or remote mountain villages; and the section doctor system, an advanced medical service system, is in force, making it possible for the State to take responsible care of the working people’s health and lives.

All the working people get preventive medical care, and are free from the charges for medical examination, medicines, hospitalization, treatment at sanatoriums, assistance in childbirth, prosthetic dentistry, prostheses and meals during hospitalization. And even their expenses for travels to and from sanatoriums are borne by the State.