Section Doctor System, Advanced Medical Care System
In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea the section doctor system has long been in operation, displaying its superiority and validity in practice at each period of the times.
The section doctor system makes sure that individual doctors take care of the health of a certain number of families in a certain section so as to prevent diseases from developing among the families or treat in time any diseases that have developed in them before they become serious.
Under the system the doctors regularly visit their charges to acquaint themselves with the latter’s health and hygienic conditions, and take scientific preventive or medical measures if necessary.
In Juche 37 (1948) President Kim Il Sung suggested an idea to set up a section doctor system, and made sure that necessary preparations were pushed ahead with in both urban and rural areas.
At the Fourth Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea held in September 1961 the President said that people’s hospitals in cities and counties and clinics in each ri should be expanded and staffed with more doctors so that the section doctor system might be put to work in the near future. Thus the advanced medical service system was established in all urban and rural areas of the country.
Later, at the 13th Plenary Meeting of the Sixth Central Committee of the WPK held in 1988, the President said that in step with the increase in the number of doctors, the section doctor system should be developed into one whereby a doctor takes charge of 20, ten and then five households, so as to raise the level of medical service.
On January 28, 1993 Chairman Kim Jong Il suggested that the section doctor system should be further developed in depth and that a system of medical responsibility for workshops and pits should be established to suit actual conditions with the main emphasis placed on the family doctor system. Thus the section doctor system developed in such a way that the system of medical responsibility for workshops and pits was enforced to suit actual local conditions with the stress on the family doctor system.
The country now runs the section doctor system by making sure that city, county and district people’s hospitals and polyclinics have departments of family doctors, each of whom takes charge of a certain number of families and looks after their health. And doctors in industrial establishments, under the system of medical responsibility for workshops and pits, are responsible for improving the working environment and conditions of workers there and taking measures to prevent diseases from developing while taking care of their health.